How to write essay in English

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How to write essay in English


                                   Writing an essay in English is not easy, Essays can be structured in many different ways, but they all include your thesis and arguments, An essay is a piece of writing, usually from an author’s personal point of view. Essays are non-fiction but often subjective; while expository, they can also include narrative. Essays can be literary criticism, political manifestos, and learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. The word ‘essay’ comes from a French word meaning ‘attempt’: your essay is your attempt to argue for your point of view, a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement.

Here some useful hints and tips for you to get in some early preparation to write essays in English, first read the topic of the essay carefully and identify the task words that indicate what needs to be done and Make sure you understand the essay prompt a few times before you start to write. The essay should be well organized, with an introduction, main body and an appropriate conclusion.

After writing your essay Read through it again. Correcting grammar mistakes or things you think you can improve. If you haven’t already, try adding some more advanced constructions, such as the subjunctive or the conditional. Finally make sure linking words and phrases to connect your paragraphs to each other, Create an outline for your essay. Outlining can help you to develop a basic structure for your essay and you can use this when you are ready to draft your essay as well.

Editing It can be helpful to let your paper rest for a while before you begin editing, if you have the time. You are taking a rough draft and polishing it by checking of the structure and flow of the sentences, the word choices you’ve made and the transitions between paragraphs and ideas.

Revise: Almost no one can write a perfect or near perfect draft on their first try. Every good book was edited many times before printing. Some authors spend more time editing than writing their draft. Revising gives you a chance to add in new ideas and hear how you’re writing sounds to a third party.

Examples of Essays include

Exposition Essay – thesis, supporting arguments, restate thesis

Discussion Essay – issue, alternative arguments, final position

Challenge Essay – challenge, arguments, thesis

Factorial Essay – state, contributory factors, summary thesis

Consequential Essay – state, ensuing factors, summary thesis

Commentary Essay – introduction, comments, summary

Parts of an essay should contain Introduction, Main body (There should be two or three body paragraphs) and Conclusion that is the paragraph one is Introduction, paragraph two is Main body of the essay, paragraph three and four should contain the development of key idea and paragraph five is conclusion part.

The introduction

A well-written introduction is the generator of a successful essay. It should deal closely with the issues in the topic that your essay will concentrate on. The opening paragraph must provide a clear and definite response to the topic. The introduction should present the topic of your essay to your reader – this is often done by making a thesis statement and plainly explaining how your paper will be organized. The principle purpose of the introduction is to present your position The thesis should be a clear, one-sentence explanation of your position that leaves no doubt in the reader’s mind about which side you are on from the beginning of your essay. You should provide a mini-outline which previews the examples you will use to support your thesis in the rest of the essay. Not only does this tell the reader what to expect in the paragraphs to come but it also gives them a clearer understanding of what the essay is about.

An Introduction should answer three questions what am I talking about in this paper? How am I going to talk about it? What am I going to prove in this paper?

The Main body
In the body of the essay should consist of a key idea that directly relates to the question, you support the thesis with several arguments which are backed up using evidence drawn from your research. There should be two or three body paragraphs. They should begin with a statement that supports your thesis. The rest of the paragraphs should give examples and descriptions supporting your argument or stand. The Body consists of everything between your intro and conclusion and it is where you discuss your main points. A good starting place is to envision that each point is a separate paragraph.

If you are writing a comparison essay, the first body paragraph should analyze one side of the argument / situation and the second body paragraph should look at the other side of the argument / situation. In a comparison essay, you don’t really have to write more than two body paragraphs. With the body of an essay – in other words, the middle paragraphs that don’t include the introduction and conclusion – it’s important to think about paragraph development. In your writing, the key to developing your body paragraphs is to use supporting details and examples as you discuss your main points. In other words, you need to be specific in your explanations of your points so that you’re not feeding your reader vague, fuzzy ideas, but rather, clear, well-supported points.

The function of the essay’s body is to fully develop the argument outlined in the introduction. Each paragraph within the body of the essay elaborates on one major point in the development of the overall argument (although some points may consist of a number of sub-points, each of which will need a paragraph). The main point in each paragraph needs to be clearly stated in the form of a topic sentence, which is then supported with evidence.

Always remember to PEEL (Point – make a point; Evidence – back it up with evidence, explain your point, and explain how the point and evidence relate to your thesis, Explain – why or how is this relevant to your argument?; Link – Use a connective so that your argument flows from one paragraph to the next and is structured in a logical way).

The conclusion.
The conclusion is the final part of your essay. Your conclusion should not only summarize the points you have made throughout the essay, but it should also tie all of your arguments together to further support your initial statement or thesis. The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in. Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence

Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format.

So, when planning your essay consider this format:

Introduction: Introduction should contain Subject, Main Points and THESIS.

Main Body: Main Body, Intro and explanation of point, Evidence, how point relates to thesis.

Conclusion: Restate subject, Summarize Main Points, Restate THESIS.


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